The gramophone recordings from the Linguistic Survey of India consists of digitized recordings originally collected in South Asia during a period from 1913 until 1929. Intended as a supplement to Sir George A Grierson’s Linguistic Survey of India published between 1904 and 1927, the recordings of stories, songs and poems were collected by provincial and presidential governments of British-ruled India in cooperation with Grierson and the Gramophone Company, Calcutta.
Song in Mewati by Husseina of Delhi (1920) :
Song in Jaunsari by Madho Ram & Nand Ram of Chakrata (1920) :
Song in Kumauni by Chandan Singh of Almora (1920) :
Song in Bagheli by Babu Raghunath Prasad of Jhansi (1920) :
Sanskrit chants from Vedas, Upanishads and other scriptures have been recorded by many in India and elsewhere, either in its original form by the traditional scholars who have kept it up for many centuries through their families and disciples, or sung within Raga forms by eminent musicians with accompanying instruments. Some have attempted to make them more popular by using semi-classical form of music. Chants Of India included in the Ravi Shankar George Harrison Collaborations box set (3CD/1DVD) are timeless Suktas, Mantras and Shlokas that are chanted as they were 4000 years ago.
Chants Of India, Disc 1 of the Collaborations box set, was an absolute bestseller when it was first released in 1997. The album sold 1,00,000 units in the US alone. The idea of creating music for ancient Sanskrit chants appealed to George Harrison so much that he wanted to take the whole responsibility of producing it. The music was recorded in two sessions, one in Madras (January and April 1996) and one at George’s studio in England (July 1996). To maintain the integrity and purity of the ancient Vedic chants was a tremendous challenge to both George Harrison and Ravi Shankar.
Chants Of India – Vandanaa Trayee (30 sec) :
Chants Of India – Asato Maa (30 sec) :
Chants Of India – Gaayatri (30 sec) :
Chants Of India – Prabhujee (30 sec) :
“I always had in my mind not to make it so difficult for hearing, for people who are not used to our music at all, for instance. But apart from the words, which are very old and they all mean the same thing, peace and love, for equality for human beings, body, spirit, everything. Until about 30 years or 40 years ago, these chants were absolutely not heard. But now everything’s out. It’s even on the internet, you know.”
~ Ravi Shankar
“It’s such a beautiful record, it’s something which I was proud to be able to contribute a little bit towards. It’s something which I think has a value, and I think a lot of people can benefit by having this kind of music in their lives, help as a balance towards a peaceful daily life.”
~ George Harrison
Chants Of India album had been out of license for over 5 years.
Music Festival From India, Disc 2 of the Collaborations box set, was a live event that was staged in London in 1976. Organized by George Harrison’s Material World Charitable Foundation, the event witnessed an Indian classical ensemble of 18 artists. Musicians including tabla wizard Alla Rakha, santoor player Shivkumar Sharma, flautist Hariprasad Chaurasia, sarangi maestro Sultan Khan, vocalist Lakshmi Shankar, violinist L Subramaniam graced the occasion. This troupe then toured Europe culminating in a show at London’s Royal Albert Hall. The event propelled most of the artists who participated to worldwide stardom.
Music Festival From India – Tarana, Chaturang (30 sec) :
Music Festival From India – Bhajan (Krishna Krishna) (30 sec) :
Music Festival From India – Naderdani (30 sec) :
Music Festival From India – Dehati (30 sec) :
Composed by Ravi Shankar and recorded during five weeks in 1976, this album was produced by George Harrison. Music Festival From India was only released on vinyl, and has not been available for over 30 years.
Milind Chittal is a versatile musician who has received rigorous training under Pandit Firoz Dastur of Kirana Gharana for 12 years. He has also learnt under the guidance of Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan of Rampur Sahaswan Gharana and Pandit Dinkar Kaikini of the Agra Gharana. Having trained proficiently, Milind has emerged as one of the foremost vocalists, with a sonorous voice and excellent range. His emphatic style is the hallmark of his performances.
Milind Chittal has won numerous competitions including All India Radio music competition, India Culture League and Kalidas Sangeet Spardha. He has enthralled the audience by his performances in many music festivals, such as Sawai Gandharva Festival in Pune, the prestigious Harballabh Sangeet Sammelan in Jalandhar, Ustad Amir Khan Festival in Indore and Saptak Festival in Ahmedabad.
Milind Chittal – Raga Basant :
Milind Chittal – Raga Jogia :
Milind Chittal – Raga Malkauns :
Milind Chittal – Raga Shankara :
Milind Chittal has recorded three cassettes and compact discs for well-known music labels. He has given playback for several TV serials and documentaries including playback for TV serial Discovery Of India produced by Shyam Benegal. Milind is also a qualified Chartered Accountant currently working in Dubai.
In 1965 when George Harrison strummed the sitar in The Beatles’ number Norwegian Wood for their album Rubber Soul, nobody could have thought that in the coming days he was going to have the most beautiful, both personal and musical, friendship with the maestro of the instrument, Pandit Ravi Shankar. Earlier George was introduced to the sitar during the filming of the 1965 movie Help! in the Bahamas, where some Indian musicians were featured in a scene.
“I went and bought a sitar from a little shop in Oxford Street – it stocked little carvings, and incense. It was a real crummy-quality one, but I bought it and mucked about with it a bit. Anyway, we were at the point where we’d recorded the Norwegian Wood backing track and it needed something. We would usually start looking through the cupboard to see if we could come up with something, a new sound, and I picked the sitar up – it was just lying around, I hadn’t really figured out what to do with it. It was quite spontaneous, I found the notes, it fitted and it worked.”
~ George Harrison
George Harrison plays the sitar in Norwegian Wood (30 sec clip) 1965 :
George met Ravi Shankar through a friend from a society called Asian Music Circle. And what an encounter it was. Ravi Shankar, the older of the two, had a complete command of the Indian musical tradition, both ancient and ageless. The other younger man, George Harrison, was a founding member of the Beatles, without question, the most influential and universally loved creators of today’s popular music. It was inevitable that this match would make waves, which it did on a tremendous scale and for a passionate worldwide audience.
“In 1966, through the grace of God my life was blessed and enhanced from the sudden desire to investigate the classical music of India. Although intellectually, I could not comprehend it, the music (which happened to be Ravi Shankar and the sitar) made more sense to me than anything I had heard in my life. When I read Ravi saying he felt he had only started, I was overwhelmed, humbled and encouraged to try and understand the music and the man much more.”
~ George Harrison
“The friendship with George started in 1966 and that’s when I met him along with the other three, but George was something very special from the very beginning. Something clicked between us and he was so interested in wanting to know about Indian music.”
~ Ravi Shankar
This is how the interesting, unique and lifelong friendship began between George Harrison and Ravi Shankar. In 1973, George Harrison signed Ravi Shankar to his Dark Horses Records label. In 1974, their first project, Shankar Family & Friends brought together renowned Indian classical musicians like Ustad Alla Rakha, Lakshmi Shankar, Shivkumar Sharma, Hariprasad Chaurasia alongside Western jazz and rock musicians including George himself, Ringo Starr, Tom Scott, Klaus Voormann, Jim Keltner and Billy Preston.
Ravi Shankar’s Music Festival From India (live from the Royal Albert Hall) in 1976 was the first artistic event organized and sponsored by George Harrison, bringing together, perhaps for the first time outside India, a 17-piece Indian classical music ensemble.
In 1997 George Harrison and Ravi Shankar again collaborated on an album. This time Ravi Shankar created music for ancient Sanskrit chants with the challenge of maintaining the authencity of the ancient verses, along with the original compositions. Released in 1997, Chants Of India are timeless, Vedic verses chanted for the well being of man and mankind.
Collaborations is a celebration of these two musical geniuses and how their friendship and deep mutual respect for each other created opportunities to push musical boundaries. It includes all the above mentioned performances and more. Collaborations is a 3 CD/1 DVD limited edition box set. The DVD is a rare, previously unreleased live concert performance of Ravi Shankar’s Music Festival From India. It also includes the rare and preserved parts of the concert film and a surprise bonus feature.
View an excellent video clip (Naderdani) from Music Festival From India at Amazon.com.