Gharana tradition : Patiala

The Patiala gharana is one of the most prominent gharanas of vocal Hindustani classical music. This school of music has had a number of famous musicians, many of whom came to be patronised by the royal family of Patiala after the disintegration of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century. In the latter half of the 20th century, the Patiala style of Khayal vocalism has been represented by two streams of the gharana. One stream, gave the music world the Amanat Ali Khan (1932-1974) and Fateh Ali Khan duo. The other stream, originating from Kasur, a small village in Punjab province of Pakistan, produced Bade Ghulam Ali Khan (1903-1968) and his brother Barkat Ali Khan (1907-1963). It is now widely known as the Kasur-Patiala gharana.

Ustad Fateh Ali Khan is the last of the thoroughbred Patiala vocalists, a direct descendent of the founders of Patiala gharana. The Patiala gharana tends to favour pentatonic Ragas for their ornamentation and execution of intricate taans. In addition Khayal, Thumri and even Ghazal singing is much emphasized. This gharana has been criticized by purists, who say it overuses frills and ornaments without considering the basic nature and mood of the Raga. Despite the criticism Patiala gharana is amongst the most prominent and popular gharanas and has a huge following, both of musicians and listeners.

Amanat & Fateh Ali Khan – Bageshri – Goonth Lao Ri Malaniya :  Download

Farida Khanum – Bageshri Thumri – Ae Ri Main Kaise Ghar :  Download

Ustad Sarahang – Bhairavi – Piya Ke Milan Ki Aas (Hindi-Pashto) :  Download

Zahida Parveen – Durga – Beeti Jaye Humri Umariya :  Download

Famous musicians of Patiala gharana include Kaloo Khan, Gauhar Jan, Ashiq Ali Khan, Mukhtar Begum, Lakshmi Shankar, Hamid Ali Khan, Asad Amanat Ali Khan and many more. The list is very long.

Kasur-Patiala gharana in the next ‘Gharana tradition’ post.

.. more songs of other Gharanas »

indianraga

4 Comments

  1. indianraga said,

    June 14, 2010 at 9:57 pm

    The silence at the end of the song “Amanat & Fateh Ali Khan – Bageshri – Goonth Lao Ri Malaniya” has been eliminated. Thanks for telling.

  2. Surjit Kohli said,

    June 17, 2010 at 10:02 pm

    Who is this mysterious Mohammed Sarahang of Kasur-Patiala gharana? First time I heard him live on BBC Pashto service his voice hit me like an arrow which kept penetrating my heart deeper and deeper but with speed which was not hurting but having all the characteristics of making a permanent wound of longing to hear him again. It will be a sterling service to all those wounded souls, if you could post another gem from him.
    I am grateful for the prompt action taken on “Amanat & Fateh Ali Khan’s” recording. Much obliged.

  3. indianraga said,

    June 17, 2010 at 10:15 pm

    Thanks for the feedback. You may know more about Ustad Sarahang by clicking here :

    https://indianraga.wordpress.com/2007/12/30/ustad-sarahang-a-maestro-from-a-turbulent-land/

    More music from him :

    https://indianraga.wordpress.com/2008/11/17/ustad-sarahang-nuggets-of-gold/

  4. NKSingh said,

    October 17, 2010 at 7:53 pm

    ustad is wonder i dont know why in india we dontd know about him so much
    NKSingh


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