Gharana tradition : Jaipur

The Jaipur Gharana (also known as the Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana) is a Khayal based Gharana, founded by Ustad Alladiya Khan (1855-1946) in the late 19th century. An offshoot of the Agra Gharana, the Jaipur Gharana acquired its name and status as a Gharana in the early half of the 20th century as a result of the growing popularity of stalwarts of this Gharana like Kesarbai Kerkar, Mogubai Kurdikar, Mallikarjun Mansur and Kishori Amonkar.

The Gharana is unique in that it was the first Gharana to be founded in Khayal Gayaki, whereas other major Gharanas were initially founded as Dhrupad-Dhamar Gayakis and eventually evolved into the Khayal Gayaki. The founder of this Gharana, Ustad Alladiya Khan initially developed the unique Gayaki of this Gharana following the partial loss of his voice which prompted him to develop an adjusted singing style to accommodate this handicap. As a result of his exploration, he raised the level of musical and vocal artistry to such heights that he was acclaimed as the ‘High Priest of Khayal Gayaki’.

Mallikarjun Mansur – Deshkar – Hu To Tore Karan Jagi :  Download

Kishori Amonkar – Bhairavi – Koyaliya Na Bolo Dar :  Download

Ulhas Kashalkar – Lalit Pancham – Udat Boondan :  Download

Shruti Sadolikar – Bhairavi – Bajuband Khul Khul Jai :  Download

Renowned names of Jaipur Gharana include Jitendra Abhisheki, Padmavati Shaligram, Manik Bhide, Ashwini Bhide Deshpande, Manjiri Asanare and many more, besides the artists mentioned at the beginning of this post. As is usual with most Gharanas, the list is long.

.. more songs of other Gharanas »

indianraga

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3 Comments

  1. anonymous said,

    March 4, 2010 at 12:46 am

    As usual, great topic!

    I urge you to include the names of some of the legends that did record music (as opposed to Alladiya or his sons, Bhaskarbuwa Bakhle etc) – especially Mogubai Kurdikar and Kesarbai Kerkar.

    Also two main characteristics of this gharana are aprachalita raags (including “jod” raags like Nat Kamod) and the important of complex taans. I wonder if the details of Alladiya’s voice problems are known — what exactly caused a dhrupad singer like him to switch to this taan-pradhan gayaki?

  2. indianraga said,

    March 4, 2010 at 8:32 am

    Thanks for giving your views. It is my limitation of posting only 4 songs per post that prevents me to feature more artists. I try my best to include songs, which I think, would appeal to all. Many of my visitors are very new to classical music.

  3. boorzhwahman said,

    March 7, 2010 at 1:29 pm

    I cannot thank you enough for this enormous effort that you are putting in and the service that you are doing to people like us who enjoy Classsical Music


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