Jaltarang : water music of India

The Jaltarang, one of the most rarely heard instruments today, is among the oldest instruments in the world. It consists of china bowls filled with water and struck by two wooden sticks. Earlier, since china clay bowls were not available, artists used to play this instrument with metal bowls. Each bowl can be tuned to the desired frequency by varying the quantity of water in it. These bowls are placed in a semi-circle arrangement around the artist and played. The Jaltarang has a pleasant characteristic tone similar to the Feng Shui wind chimes. The player can produce on it, classical Indian Ragas and light melodies as well. Jaltarang is a unique instrument in the sense that it is both a percussion, as well as non-percussion instrument.

Jaltarang is a dying art. Inspired by Jaltarang, glass music became popular in sixteenth century Europe using glasses in place of cups. Another variation of the Jaltarang is found in Jaisalmer district in Rajasthan in India, where a single metal plate, called the thali, filled with water, is used as an accompaniment by applying strokes to produce different tones and rhythms. It is called Jaltaal. Although Jaltarang has been prevalent for over five hundred years, the instrument attracted attention in the first half of the 20th century.

Milind Tulankar – Raga Abhogi :  (Download)

Milind Tulankar – Raga Malkauns :  (Download)

Master Vyas – Composition (1940s) :  (Download)

Kaamchor (1982) – Tum Se Badhkar Duniya Mein :  (Download)

Jaltarang was extensively used in film music and orchestral compositions until recently. The song posted above from the Hindi movie Kaamchor (1982) is a good example of how Jaltarang could be used with amazing effect. However, this instrument is losing its popularity because the lack of ease the artists feel while trying to play the more complex Ragas. Very few artists in recent times have been able to adopt it as their main instrument for classical performances. Among these few are Milind Tulankar, Ragini Trivedi, Ranjana Pradhan and Anayampatti S Ganesan.

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25 Comments

  1. Prem Sharma said,

    September 20, 2009 at 1:52 pm

    It’s nice.

    Send some more songs using JalTarang.

    Prem

  2. September 22, 2009 at 10:50 pm

    hindi song from roja dil hai chotasa

  3. indianraga said,

    September 23, 2009 at 10:41 pm

    Thanks, Milind.

  4. Amit shah said,

    May 14, 2010 at 11:05 pm

    Today , first time I hear your instruments -Art, I like very much, & beautiful, pl put your other raga basis tunes, thanks -amit shah

  5. amit shah said,

    July 19, 2010 at 11:15 am

    i like very much

  6. Rudra said,

    September 17, 2010 at 6:06 pm

    Namashkar moderator,

    Unfortunately despite of being one of the oldest form of music, this form of art is dying a slow and painful death due to the fact that not many people take it up as a form of music and due to lack of exposure. Not many people know about this. If we truly want to save this art form from dying we need to expose it more people so that we get a fan base established and hence people can start listening and learning this too. I don’t know if my suggestion will be taken into consideration or not. but here is a suggestion that I’d like to give. We could start by promoting it on websites which provide free music. and since now a days people prefer to download and listen to music before paying ( or not paying ) for it hence this attempt is worth a try. Eventually if by any chance professional artists in this field provide free albums (in high quality) to these sites , The chances of listening to these albums can increase (if they really want to save this form of art i am sure they’d love to do this). and Mr./Ms. mod I’d also request you that if you are a real music lover and are non biased then you could release the music on not only on your site but also on http://www.welove-music.net as this site has quite a popular user base and it specialises in promoting world music and that too for free. you could catch up with the mods out there and talk to them over this. I am sure the people out there would help as the best part about the content out there is that its not your regular-type-of-trash-music (which often does not have a great shelf life) but on the contrary this site features world music which is posted by people who are into good music and is visited by people from all over the world who are into world music

    Hope this helps.

    Last but not the least I loved the design of your blog. Its amazing simple and elegant.

  7. A S Venkata Rao said,

    December 26, 2010 at 7:32 pm

    The introduction of Jaltarang superb. Iam very interesting about this instrument how much cost of this instrument and where available. Please creed the details sir.

  8. virendra singh verma said,

    December 27, 2010 at 2:54 pm

    WISH TO HEAR MORE OF JALTARANG

    pilade oak se saqi
    ‘gar mujh se nafrat hai
    pyala nahin deta to na de
    sharab to de!!!!

  9. Shreyans said,

    May 29, 2011 at 11:15 pm

    I would like to know if any artist could perform jaltarang at some religoius gathering.

  10. SURJAKANTA BHATTACHERYA said,

    June 7, 2011 at 1:48 pm

    REGARDS. I DONT KNOW WHERE DID YOU GET THE INSPIRATION FROM! GOD WILL BLESS YOU FOR YOUR MISSION OF QUENCHING THE THIRSE OF SO MANY PERSONS. WISH YOU ALL PEACE AND PROSPERITY.

  11. Ramesh R Raikar said,

    August 13, 2011 at 3:28 pm

    Dear music lovers- Jalatarang though the instrument is ancient it will remain for ever. Now the instrument is developed and come up with a new name
    JALAMANDAL with some changes & altrations to play complicated expressions of notes it is outcome of my self intrest on music and inspiration behind this instrument is Pandit Shivkumar Sharma’s SANTOOR. Please watch
    ramesh jalamandal on net.

  12. surensampat said,

    August 23, 2011 at 12:04 pm

    THANK GOD….MY PARANTS AND THE MODERATOR AND TEAM OF THIS WEB SITE…GREAT SALUTE TO THE PLAYERS OF THIS AND ALL OTHER WONDERFUL INSTRUMENTS LIKE SHEHNAI,SITAR,SANTOOR,SAROD,SARANGI.MOHAN VINA AND SO ON…. .I FEEL EXTREAMLY LUCKY TO ATTEND LIVE CONCERTS AND LISTEN THIS INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC….I REALLY WANTED MY SELF TO LEARN AND PLAY BUT UNFORTUNETLY COULDNOT ABLE TO DO.HOW EVER I ONCE AGAIN SALUTE TO ALL MESTROS ,PANDITJIS ,USTADJIS AND TEAMMATES……MY HUMBLE PRANAM , NAMASTE TO ALL OF THEM FROM BOTTEM OF MY HEART..I KINDLY REQUEST AND I WISH TO HEAR RAGA BASANT,BAHAR….ON THIS ONE OF WONDERFUL INSTRUMENT “JALTARANG”……..PLS.KEEP POSTING IF POSSIBLE.
    ONCE AGAIN THANK YOU VERY MUCH….KIND REGARDS.

  13. Ramesh R Raikar said,

    October 8, 2011 at 2:37 pm

    Playing jataranga in Swaramandal style is JALAMANDAL. It will have a very melodious sanntooric pleasent sound with gayaki style, continuity and staying on one swara and fast layakari guts.

  14. anant said,

    January 6, 2012 at 1:19 pm

    hi my self anant bhatt and i am persuing musical corse from bhatkhande music colleg . i like jal tarang very much.

  15. prabir pandit said,

    February 5, 2012 at 1:05 am

    nice , very nice..

    thanks indianraga..

  16. March 11, 2012 at 1:26 pm

    good collectionof jaltarang. Pl. load jaltarang played by Jain Kumar Jain, a famous old time jaltarang player and of some old timers. Thanks a lot . Continue for us ols listerners.

  17. arvindsharma said,

    March 18, 2012 at 12:04 pm

    very beautiful. i am in love with this instrument .

  18. arvindsharma said,

    March 18, 2012 at 12:05 pm

    very sweet instrument is this

  19. Somnath S. Shirsat said,

    April 19, 2012 at 3:21 pm

    I am looking for some one who can play Jal Tarang in our 7 star Hotel Renaissance Mumbai, If any one intrested please call me on 09987649093…we will pay you on hourly basis.

  20. Vinod Pandey said,

    October 9, 2012 at 11:29 pm

    आपने भारतीय शास्त्रीय संगीत प्रेमियों के लिए बहुत सुन्दर साधन प्रदान किया है ,
    बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद !!!

  21. lalitakumari said,

    January 12, 2013 at 11:29 am

    mujhe jaltarang bahut pasand hai , yahan sun kar Aanand aa gaya

  22. ashu said,

    July 7, 2013 at 8:39 pm

    gud 2 c dat our tradition is still alive

  23. ashu said,

    July 7, 2013 at 8:41 pm

    luv india love jaltarng :);)<3

  24. Siddhant Gupta said,

    July 22, 2013 at 7:48 pm

    Kindly give me the contact number of Milind Tulankar
    on gsiddhant78@gmail.com

  25. Vinod Pandey said,

    August 5, 2013 at 10:48 pm

    बन्धु धन्यवाद !!!


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